Excerpt for Learning Setswana Module 1 - 6 by , available in its entirety at Smashwords

Learning Setswana
Module 1 - 6

Learning Setswana
Module 1 - 6

Mavis Segomoco Boshwaen

Copyright © 2017 Mavis Segomoco Boshwaen

Published by Mavis Segomoco Boshwaen Publishing at Smashwords

First edition 2017

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or any information storage or retrieval system without permission from the copyright holder.

The Author has made every effort to trace and acknowledge sources/resources/individuals. In the event that any images/information have been incorrectly attributed or credited, the Author will be pleased to rectify these omissions at the earliest opportunity.

P.O. Box 989, Gaborone, Botswana


Module 1
Part I

People – Batho

Introduction – Ikitsiso

Greetings – Ditumediso

Parts of Speech – Dikarolo Tsa Puo

Dialogue – Puisano

Time – Nako

Numbers – Dinomoro/Dipalo

New Words – Mafoko A Masha

Tribes – Home Villages

Evaluation – Tshekatsheko

Module 1
Part ІI

Relationships – Bolosika
Gender – Bong

Personal Relationships – Ba Losika

My Family – Ba Lwapa La Me

My Relatives – Ba Losika

Marital Status – Nyalo

Address – Aterese

Questions and Answers – Kwala dipotso le dikarabo

Revision & Tests – Ithuthuntsho Le Teko

Module 1
Part ІII

Evaluation – Tshekatsheko
Words – Mafoko

Sentences – Diele

Paragraph – Temana

Questions and Answers

Progress Check – Tswelelopele


Module 2
Relations – Masika

Family – Ba Lwapa

List of Relatives

Home Situation – Kwa Lwapeng

Words Used – Mafoko A Dirisiwang

Paragraphs – Ditemana

Sentences – Diele

Negatives – Maganetsi

Test Exercise

Module 3
Places – Mafelo

At the Game Reserve – Kwa Lefelong La Diphologolo

In Town – Mo Toropong

At the Mall – Kwa Mmolong

At the Kgotla – Kwa Kgotleng

At the Workplace – Kwa Madirelong

At The Restaurant / Hotel – Kwa Lefelong La Dijo /Hoteleng

At the School – Kwa Sekolong

At the Village – Kwa Magaeng

Colours – Mebala

Exclamatory Words! – Mafoko A Kgakgamalo!

Evaluation – Tshekatsheko

Module 4
Meetings – Bokopano

Introduction – Ikitsiso

Word List – Mafoko Ka Go Latelana

Dialogue – Puisano

Materials – Didirisiwa

Conversation – Puisano

Words and Sentences – Mafoko Le Diele

Revision – Ithuthuntsho


Module 5
Events – Ditiragalo

Wedding – Lenyalo

Words – Mafoko

Ceremony – Modiro

Workshop/Seminar – Thuto-Seka-Dipuisano

Organisatinal Function – Moletlo Mo Tirong

Food – Dijo

Farewell Party – Moletlo Wa Tsamaya Sentle

Evaluation – Tshekatsheko

Module 6
Filling in Forms – Tlatsa Difomo

Personal Details – Dintlha Ka Bo Wena

Dialogue – Puisano

Brief Talk – Puisano Ka Bokhutshwane

Conversation – Go Buisana

Filling the Form – Tlatsa Fomo

Revision Exercises

Evaluation – Tshekatsheko

National Anthem – Pina Ya Sechaba

Module 1
Part I

People – Batho

Introduction – Ikitsiso

Objective: Learners will be able to greet and introduce themselves.

Batswana normally start greeting people when they meet them by shaking hands and introducing themselves.

Introduction is a way of interacting with other people. That is a way of knowing one another so that people can work or converse together.

Greetings – Ditumediso

Objective: Learners will cover the various types of greetings

Examples of greetings:

Hello, Hallo, Hi, Good morning, Good Day, Good Afternoon, Good Evening. All these in Setswana are Dumela/Dumelang.

In Setswana Mma represents Mother, Ma’am, Lady or Miss.

Rra represents Father, Gentleman or Sir.


Dumela Mma/Rra. Good morning Lady/Sir

O kae? How are you?

Ke teng. I am well.

Wena o kae? And you, how are you?

Ke teng. I am well.

Dumelang Bomma. Good morning Ladies.

Dumelang Borra. Good morning Gentlemen.

Lo/le kae bomma? How are you ladies?

Lo/le kae borra? How are you gentlemen?

Re teng, lona lo kae? We are well and how are you?

Leina la me ke (Mavis). My name is (Mavis)

Leina la gago ke mang? What is your name?


Ke bidiwa John. I am called John.

Wena o bidiwa mang? What is your name?/What are you called?

Sefane sa me ke Boshwaen. My surname is Boshwaen

Wena sa gago? And yours?

Sa me ke Johnson. Mine is Johnson.

Conclusion: Practice the dialogue.


Greetings continues

Revise previous lesson’s work and continue with greetings. In most cases Batswana like to pluralise when greeting. In this part of greetings they will learn the various ways of saying “How are you?”

E.g. Dumelang Greetings/Hello!

Le kae? How are you?

Le tsogile jang? How are you?

Le tlhotse jang? How are you?

Le robetse jang? How are you?

Le letse jang? How are you?

Somebody answering back to the above would say:-

Re teng

Re tsogile sentle.

Re tlhotse sentle.

Re robetse sentle.

Re letse sentle.

(Re) is plural but can be used for one person to indicate respect. All answers above mean

“We are well”

Fa re kgaogana When going separate ways

Sala/salang sentle. Go well/Bye

Go siame Okay (ok)

Ke a tsamaya I am leaving/going

Ke ile I have left/gone

Batswana greet by saying:-

Dumela (Singular)

Dumelang (Plural)

This means:-

Good morning

Good afternoon

Good evening

Le kae is commonly used these days when people want to say How are you?

Le kae? is used throughout the day. It could be used to either one person or more than one. It literally means where are you?


Lesson Continuation
Revising the Previous Lesson and lesson continues

How are you? Used in different ways.

Le kae?

It is used throughout the day till evening to either one person or many.

O tsogile jang? How did you wake up?

O robetse/letse jang? How did you sleep?

This is used in the morning.

O tlhotse jang? Afternoon or evening

This means “How did you spend the day.”

Answering to the above questions would be:

Ke tsogile sentle wena o tsogile jang

I am well and how are you

Ke robetse/letse sentle wena o robetse/letse jang

I slept well and how did you sleep

Ke tlhotse sentle wena o tlhotse jang?

I spent the day well and you?

In the Night greetings are the same like the evening but what differs is;

Good night - Boroko OR

Sleep well - Robalang sentle

Conclusion: Learners to practice what they learnt.


Parts of Speech – Dikarolo Tsa Puo

Objective: Learners will be able to cover some parts of speech

Maemedi Pronouns

Ke, nna, nna I, me, myself

O, wena, wena You, you, yourself

O, ene, ene He/she, him/her, himself/herself

Re, rona,rona We, us, ourselves

Lo/le, lona,lona You, you, yourselves

Ba, bone, bone They, them, themselves

E, yone It, it’s

Lerui Possessive Pronouns

Ya me My/mine

Ya gago Your/yours

Ya gagwe His/hers

Ya rona Our/ours

Ya bone Their/theirs

Ya yone It’s

Masupi Demonstrative Pronouns

Referring to people

Yo this one

Yoo that one

Yole the one over there

Referring to a place

Fa here

Fao there

Fale over there

All these below refer to some various things

E this one

Eo that one

Ele the over there

Le this one

Leo that one

Lele the one over there

Se this one

Seo that one

Sele the one over there

Maganetsi Negatives

Ke batla/ ke a batla I want

Ga ke batle I don’t want

Oa tsamaya You are going

Ga o tsamaye You are not going

Oa ja He/she is eating

Ga a je He/she is not eating

Re a robala We are sleeping

Ga re robale We are not sleeping

Lo a tshega You are laughing

Ga re tshege We are not laughing

Ba a apaya They are cooking

Ga ba apeye They are not cooking

Dipotso Questions

Eng What?

Mang Who?

Leng When?

Kae Where?

Efe Which?

Ka goreng/ke eng Why?

Jang How?

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