Excerpt for Learning Setswana Module 1 - Beginner’s Level by , available in its entirety at Smashwords

Learning Setswana

Module 1 - Beginner’s Level

Learning Setswana

Module 1 - Beginner’s Level

Mavis Segomoco Boshwaen

Copyright © 2017 Mavis Segomoco Boshwaen

Published by Mavis Segomoco Boshwaen Publishing at Smashwords

First edition 2017

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or any information storage or retrieval system without permission from the copyright holder.

The Author has made every effort to trace and acknowledge sources/resources/individuals. In the event that any images/information have been incorrectly attributed or credited, the Author will be pleased to rectify these omissions at the earliest opportunity.

P.O. Box 989, Gaborone, Botswana


Topic 1 Greetings

Topic 2 Introductions

Topic 3 Work Situation

Topic 4 Direction

Topic 5 Petrol Station

Topic 6 Shopping

Topic 7 Hotel & Restaurant

Topic 8 Emergency/Hospital

Topic 9 Home Situation



To know the various types of greetings and how they are performed.

Dumela/ Dumelang

Dumela Mma

Dumela Rra

Le Kae? How are you?

Re teng, Le kae? I am well and how are you?

Re teng I am well.

The teacher reads and asks the learners to follow. They are asked to read as individuals. After reading teacher explains the difference between the greetings –dumela and dumelang, le kae and re teng and what they literally mean. In fact dumela is singular and dumelang is plural.

Dumelang is also used to greet elderly people as a way of respecting them.

Le kae and Re teng are both plural but that is how people greet nowadays.


Teacher acts out a dialogue with a learner, after that two learners are asked to do the dialogue as they were watching how it was done. The whole group takes partners, greet others and vice versa. (class is allowed to take notes where necessary).

Teacher introduces o kae? And ke teng. Then explains the different types of greetings as formal and informal.

O kae and Ke teng are the singular form of greetings

Dumela is used from morning to evening. In the evening “boroko” is used when people part in the night to go their different ways to sleep.

Hello , Hi , Good morning etc is dumela. Teacher explains “tsogile” and “sentle”

O tsogile jang. How are you?

Ke tsogile sentle I am well.

O tsogile jang means how did you wake up?

Ke tsogile sentle means I woke up well.



To be able to greet when coming and going

To revise the previous lesson’s work by performing a dialogue in class with every learner.

Introduction of a lesson

1. Greetings during the day vary from those done in the morning.

Le tlhotse jang? --- How are you?

Re tlhotse sentle. --- We are well.

Le tlhotse jang means how did you spend the day?

Re tlhotse sentle means we spent the day well.

The teacher explains that such greetings are done during the day and evening.

A dialogue is done to practice (refer to previous lesson)

2. People start by greeting on arrival always.


After usual greeting and at the end people would say:

Re a tsamaya We are leaving

Tsamayang sentle Go well

Boroko Good night

Boroko Good night

There is also Salang sentle/ Stay well or Go siame/ Okay and may be Ke a leboga/ Thank you. Teacher explains how this can also be done

3. Greetings to various types of people


Dumela Mma /Madam Dumelang Bo mma

Dumela Rra / Sir Dumelang Bo rra

Dumela Tsala / Friend Dumelang Ditsala

Dumela Nnaka /Younger sibling Dumelang Bonnaka

Dumela Nkgonne /
Older sibling Dumelang Bonkgonne

Dumela Mosimane / Boy Dumelang Basimane

Dumela Mosetsana / Girl Dumelang Basetsana



To be able to understand how morning greetings differ from afternoon, evening and night.

Afternoon. Dumela or Dumelang

Le tlhotse jang (How are you)

Re tlhotse , letlhotse jang- (We are well/fine)

Re tlhotse – fine

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